What is ASAP Methodology?

ASAP stands for accelerated SAP. ASAP Methodology is one of the most important software development life cycles (SDLC) used for SAP Implementation projects. SAP is one of the best ERP systems and ASAP Methodology is the way SAP Implementation happens. SAP projects require lot of effort and many resources from developers and managers. It can be really tricky if SAP projects are not planned in a proper form. SAP itself gives a proper methodology to design the project so it will give reliable results. The ASAP methodology provides the proper outline for an implementation roadmap. SAP Implementation consists of several phases that include every stage of software development lifestyle (SDLC) for SAP Implementation. ASAP Methodology divides a project according to these vital phases. Each phase is considered a milestone. The project management team can focus on the current phase and start preparing for the next phase. This also provides a better route and work distribution. The ASAP methodology provides a framework for SAP projects for implementation and enhancement as well for the customization needed for production support.  

SAP Implementation Phases:

> There are 6 steps of a SAP Implementation Project:
  • Project Preparation
  • Business Blueprint
  • Realization
  • Final Preparation
  • Go Live
  • Post Production Support
  Project Preparation: In this phase, ERP (SAP) tries to get projects from the client. Most clients consider more than one option for their business and then give all options a try to see which one provides the best result. In most cases, clients get the ERP software license directly from the software companies. This step may or may not include a test to check which ERP system is most suitable for the client. Once the client has decided on its ERP system, they make the landscape of the project. In this step, server information, project cost, resources, subject matter experts (SME) and business teams are decided by the PMO (Project Management Organization). It consists of project managers, a steering committee, core business members and sponsors. A project team studies legacy systems and gather information regarding core systems, interfaces, what interfaces the client wants, what is necessary, what is nice to have etc. The team carries out ‘as is’ studying, a study of the current system and its processes. The project management team also hires resources and carries out project planning and outline.

Business Blueprint: In this phase the core team does “GAP” analysis, an analysis of the differences between the system as is and the system to be studied. Allocated resources write down the rules and requirements for the new system. Integration points, interfaces and process maps are finalized. Functional consultants write the functional specification. If needed, technical specifications are written down for developers to do further configuration. A testing team also started working on preparing testing steps and scenarios. Financial specifications and technical specifications are created in this step for further development and configurations.

Realization: In this step, functional consultants carry out configuration. Development is done for the required customization. Testing is carried out by the core team. Basis configuration is carried out by the security team. A basis team moves all configurations from one server to another for testing purpose. Testing is mostly done in the quality control server. All the configurations upload master data across all modules. Unit testing and integration testing has been done by the testing team. Unit testing, integration testing and day-in-the-life testing happen at this stage.

Go – Live Phase: In this step, all configurations from the golden client will be moved to other services. Uploading master data into the new system is done mostly using LSMW, BAPI or BADI. Cut-over activities are done only when we stop the legacy system and start using the SAP system. End-user training and user documentation are carried out in this pre-go-live stage. After all cut-over activities, SAP implementation goes live in a production environment.

Post Production Support: In this step, the team helps the client to solve if any production issue arose during configuration, master data change or transaction issues. Also, the team will provide training to users and super users. All the support documentation work has been completed in this step.

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